Farmer knowledge, perceptions, practices, extension farmer training

Farmer pest control practices Litsinger,J.A., E.C. Price, and R.T. Herrera. 1980. Small farmer pest control practices for rainfed rice, corn, and grain legumes in three Philippine provinces. Philipp. Entomol.(1978) 4:65-86. J12

Farmer knowledge Solana, Philippines Litsinger, J.A., B.L. Canapi, and A.L. Alviola. 1982. Farmer perception and control of rice pests in Solana, Cagayan Valley, a pre-green revolution area of the Philippines. Philipp. Entomol. 5:373-383. J16

Fajardo Farmer Practices Guimba, Philippines Fajardo, F.F., B.L. Canapi, G.V. Roldan, R.P. Escandor, K. Moody, J.A. Litsinger, and T.W. Mew. 2000. Understanding small-scale rice farmers’ pest perceptions and management practices as a foundation for adaptive research and extension: a case study in the Philippines. Philipp. J. Crop Sci. 25:55-67. J66

Bandong Insecticide decision protocols Bandong, J.P., Canapi, B.L., dela Cruz, C.G., and Litsinger, J.A. 2002. Insecticide decision protocols: A case study of untrained Filipino rice farmers. Crop Protection 21: 803-16. J69

Farmer use of plant parts in pest control Litsinger, J.A., E.C. Price, and R.T. Herrera. 1978. Filipino farmer use of plant parts to control rice insect pests. Int. Rice Res. Newsl. 3(5): 15-16. N9

Farmer surveys in development of IPM  Litsinger, J.A., Libetario, E.M. and Canapi, B.L. 2009. Eliciting farmer knowledge, attitudes, and practices in the development of integrated pest management programs for rice in Asia. p. 119-273. In: R. Peshin and A.K. Dhawan (eds.). Integrated Pest Management: Dissemination and Impact. Berlin: Springer Science + Media B.V., Volume 2, 634 p. C51

Technology Transfer Workshop Litsinger JA. 1984. Assessment of need-based insecticide application. Philippine Ministry of Agriculture-IRRI Technology Transfer Workshop March 15, 1984, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, 13 p. C54

IPM Technology Transfer to Farmers Litsinger JA, Goodell GE, Kenmore PE, dela Cruz CG, Bandong JP, Lumaban MD, Rivera M. 1981. Rice insect pest management technology transfer to small-scale farmers: a case study involving pest surveillance by Filipino farmers. FAO Rice Pest Surveillance Workshop, 7-11 September 1981, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 67 p. C55

IPM technology transfer Goodell, G.E., P.E. Kenmore, J.A. Litsinger, J.P. Bandong, C.G. dela Cruz and M.D. Lumaban. 1982. Rice insect pest management technology and its transfer to small-scale farmers in the Philippines. p. 25-41. in Report of an Exploratory Workshop on the Role of Anthropologists and other Social Scientists in Interdisciplinary Teams Developing Improved Food Production Technology. IRRI and the Division for Global and Inter-regional Projects, UNDP. 101 p. C10

Technology Transfer Workshop Role of Anthropologists Book Report of an Exploratory Workshop on the Role of Anthropologists and other Social Scientists in Interdisciplinary Teams Developing Improved Food Production Technology. IRRI and the Division for Global and Inter-regional Projects, UNDP. 101 p.

Evaluating Farm Level IPM Goodell, G.E., J.A. Litsinger, and P.E. Kenmore. 1981. Evaluating pest management technology through interdisciplinary research at the farmer level. p. 72-75. in Conference on Future Trends of Integrated Pest Management, May 30-June 4, 1980, Bellagio, Italy. International Organization for Biological Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (IOBC). 75 p. C9

Verifying & extending IPM Litsinger, J.A., J.P. Bandong, and C.G. dela Cruz. 1984. Verifying and extending integrated pest control technology to small-scale farmers. p. 326-356. in P.C. Matteson (ed.) Proceedings of the International Workshop in Integrated Pest Control for Grain Legumes. Meeting was held in Goiania, Goias, Brazil, 3-9 April 1983. Sponsored by CICP-USAID, EMBRAPA, FAO, IITA, and INTSOY. C16

Evaluation of recommendations Litsinger, J.A. 1982. Evaluation of insect control recommendations in a cropping systems program. p. 441-454. In Cropping Systems Research in Asia. IRRI, Los Baños, Philippines. 756 p. C12

Farmer perception of mungbean pests Canapi, B.L. and J.A. Litsinger. 1988. Farmer perceptions of mungbean pests and their control practices in field and storage in Cagayan, Philippines, a high risk environment. p. 350-354 In: Mungbean: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium, November 16-20, 1987, Bangkok, Thailand. Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Tainan, Taiwan. C25

Get IPM to work Goodell G. 1984. Challenges to international pest management research and extension in the Third World: Do we really want IPM to work? Bulletin of the Entomological Society 30: 18-26. R23

Traditional methods Fujisaka S, Dapusala A, Jayson E. 1989. Hail Mary, kill the cat: A case of the traditional upland crop pest control in the Philippines. Philippine Quarterly of Culture & Society 17: 202-211. R24

Kenmore Political Social Perceptual pathologies Kenmore PE, Heong KL, Putter CA. 1985. Political, social and perceptual aspects of integrated pest management programmes. p. 47-66. In: BS Lee, WH Loke (eds.). Proceedings of the Seminar on Integrated Pest Management in Malaysia, Malaysian Plant Protection Society, Kuala Lumpur.R31

30 years of pesticide dependency Kenmore, P.E., J.A. Litsinger, J.P. Bandong, A.C. Santiago, and M.M. Salac. 1987. Philippine rice farmers and insecticides in thirty years of growing dependency and new options for change. p. 98-108. In: Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers’ Perceptions and Practices. J. Tait and Banpot Napompeth (eds.). Westview Studies in Insect Biology, Westview Press, London, UK. 244 p. C21

Cordova Loop Farmer Survey Cordova, V, Papag A, Sardido S, Yambao LD. 1981. Changes in practices of rice farmers in Central Luzon: 1966-79. Paper given at the 12th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Crop Science Society of the Philippines, Bacnotan, La Union, Philippines, April 22-24, 1981.

Heong Farmer insecticide usage Philippines Vietnam Heong KL, Escalada MM, Mai V. 1994. An analysis of insecticide use in rice: case studies in the Philippines and Vietnam. International Journal of Pest Management 40: 173-178.

Farmers’ Field School Matteson PC, Gallagher KD, Kenmore PE. 1994. Extension of integrated pest management for planthoppers in Asian irrigated rice: empowering the user. p. 656-685. In: RF Denno & TJ Perfect (editors). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. New York, NY (USA): Chapman and Hall, 789 p.

Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Title pagesTitle pages, cover, preface, table of contents

Chapter 1Chapter 1. Introduction pages 1-3. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 2Chapter 2. Contrasting approaches in agricultural development. Pages 4-33. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 3Chapter 3. Evaluation concepts and methodology. Pages 34-53. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 4Chapter 4. A different village, a different profile. Pages 54-73. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 5Chapter 5. The art of growing rice. Pages 74-125. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 6Chapter 6. IPM farmer field school portrayed. Pages 126-162. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 7Chapter 7. Farmer field school graduates as IPM implementors. Pages 161-204. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 8Chapter 8. The promise of IPM: profitable and safe. Pages 205-221. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

Chapter 9Chapter 9. Experiences leading to learning: conclusions and discussion. Pages 222-244. In: Elske van de Fliert. 1993. Integrated Pest Management: Farmer Field Schools Generate Sustainable Practices. A case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training. PhD Thesis, Thesis No. 93-3, Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands. Wageningen, Veenman Drukkers, 304 pages.

SummarySummary. Pages 245-250. English and Dutch

ReferencesReferences. Pages 251-260.

About the authorAbout the author, author abstract. Page 261.

Appendix IAppendix I. Organizational structure of the Ministry of Agiculture, Indonesia. Page 262.

Appendix IIAppendix II. Maps. Page263.

Appendix IIIAppendix III. List of tables. Pages 264-284.

Appendix IVAppendix IV. Ten weeks IPM farmer field school in Senengsari. Pages 285-291.

Appendix VAppendix V.  Tables from Chapter 7. Pages 292-300.

List of termsList of terms. Pages 301-303.

VillagesVillages Page 304

Tait & Napopeth book papers

Ahmad Pesticide Regulation Pakistan Ahmad M. 1987. Marketing of pesticides in Pakistan in relation to legal and other controls. p. 79-85. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (eds.). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Atteh Pesticide flow Nigeria Atteh OD. 1987. Pesticide flow and government attitude to pests and pesticides in Kwara State, Nigeria. p. 86-91. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Black Highlands N Thailand Black R, Jonglaekha N, Thanormthin V. 1987. Problems concerning pesticide use in highland agriculture, Northern Thailand. p. 28-37. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Carr Environmental conflict Britain Carr S. 1987. The environmental conflict and farmers’ attitudes to pesticide use in Britain. p. 132-141. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Conelly Kenya Conelly WT. 1987. Perception and management of pests among subsistence farmers in South Nyanza, Kenya. p. 198-209. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Dearden use of 2-4D in Canada Dearden P. “Letters to the editor” and the perception of weed control strategies: the use of 2,4-D to control Myriophyllum spicatum L. in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia, Canada. p. 58-65 In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Evenson Cotton in Australia Evenson JP. 1987. A case study of pest management on cotton in Queensland. p. 49-57. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Fagoonee vegetable growers Mauritius Fagoonee I. 1987. Pesticide practice among vegetable growers in Mauritius. p. 175-181. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Goldman Pesticide hazards Kenya Goldman AC. 1987. Agricultural pests and the farming system: a study of pest hazards and the pest management by small-scale farmers in Kenya. p. 117-131. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Heong rice tungro Malaysia Heong KL, Ho NK. 1987. Farmers’ perception of the rice tungro virus problem in Muda Irrigation Scheme, Malaysia. p. 165-174. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Hussein Malaysia small-scale farmers Hussein MY. 1987. Perception and management of pests and pesticides by Malaysian traditional small farmers – a case study. p. 142-149. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Lane & Tait Distance learning Lane AB, Tait EJ. 1987. Educating and training pest managers: the role of distance teaching. p. 22-27. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Lim & Ong Environmental problems Lim GS, Ong, SH. 1987. Environmental problems of pesticide usage in Malaysian rice fields – perceptions and future considerations. p. 10-21. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Medina Vegetables Philippines Medina CP. 1987. Pest control practices and pesticide perceptions of vegetable farmers in Loo Valley, Benguet, Philippines. p. 150-157. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Mohan Pesticide dilemma Malaysia Mohan VC. 1987. The pesticide dilemma in Malaysia. p. 71-78. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Mouchet & Guillet Motivating factors Mouchet J., Guillet P. 1987. The motivating factors for community participation in vector control. p. 109-116. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Samonte Communication adoption Samonte VPB, Obordo AS, Kenmore PE. 1987. The communication and adoption of crop protection technology rice-growing villages in the Philippines. p. 210-218. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Sharma Pesticides in Agroecosystems Sharma CBSR. 1987. Instability in agroecosystems due to pesticides. p. 92-97. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Tait & Lane National International Statistics Tait EJ, Lane AB. 1987. Insecticide production, distribution and use: analysing national and international statistics. p. 38-48. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Tait & Napompeth Introduction Tait EJ, Napompeth B. 1987. Introduction: The management of pests and pesticides. p. 1-7. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Tait conclusions Tait EJ. 1987. Conclusions and further recommendations for research and development. p. 219-225. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Tukahirwa Uganda pesticide usage Tukahirwa EM. 1987. Trends in pesticide usage in Uganda. p. 182-190. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Waibel Economic thresholds Philippines Waibel H. 1987. Farmers’ practices and recommended economic threshold levels in irrigated rice in the Philippines. p. 191-197. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Youdeowei Mixed cropping systems Africa Youdeowei A. 1987. Towards the management of pests in small farmer mixed cropping situations in Tropical Africa. p. 158-164. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

Zaidi Cotton Pakistan Zaidi IH. 1987. Farmers’ perceptions of pesticides as a cotton crop protection strategy. p. 66-70. In: J. Tait, B. Napompeth (editors). Management of Pests and Pesticides: Farmers Perceptions and Practices. London: Westview Press, 244 p.

IRRN 1992 17 (6) 27-28Escalada, M.M.; Lazaro, A.A.; Heong, K.L. 1992.  Early spraying by rice farmers in Leyte, Philippines.  International Rice Research Newsletter 17(6): 27-28.

IRRN 1993 18 (4) 31Lazaro, A.A.; Rubia, E.G.; Almazan, L.P.; Heong, K.L. 1993.  Farmers’ estimates of percent whiteheads.  International Rice Research Notes 18(4): 31.

IRRN 1995 20 (2) 19Heong KL, Lazaro AA. 1995. Relationship between farmers early- and late-season insecticide sprays. International Rice Research Notes 20 (2) 19.

IRRN 1995 20 (2) 20Heong KL, Lazaro AA. 1995. Analysis of factors influencing farmers’ insecticide sprays. International Rice Research Notes 20 (2) 20.

IRRN 1979 4 (3) 25Chatterjee PB, AK Maitra, MK Sarkar, S Dutta, 1979. Farmers’ perceptions of constraints to high yields in wetland paddy. International Rice Research Newsletter 4 (3) 25.

IRRN 1982 7 (6) 16-17Katanyukul W, R Pattarasuthi, N Chantaraprapha, P Nilpanit, T Bhudhasamai, S Rauy-aree, C Tayathum. 1982. Status of the brown planthopper in Thailand. International Rice Research Newsletter 7 (6) 16-17.

IRRN 1983 8 (4) 18a Baskaran B, P Narayanaswamy, A Sambasivam. 1983. Brown planthopper outbreak in South Arcot District, Tamil Nadu, India. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (4) 18a.

IRRN 1990 15 (4) 31aEstorninos LE Jr, K Moody. 1990. Farmers’ herbicide application method in Koronadal, South Cotabato, Philippines. International Rice Research Newsletter 15 (4) 31a.

IRRN 1993 18 (2) 31Vo Mai, N Thu CUC, NQ Hung, NM Chau, MM Escalada, KL Heong. 1993. Farmers’ perceptions of rice pest problems and management tactics used in Vietnam. International Rice Research Notes 18 (2) 31.

IRRN 1986 11 (4) 26-27Wijeratne M, IRN Abeydeera. 1994. Knowledge gap on agrochemical use in rice farming, International Rice Research Notes 19 (4) 26-27.

IRRN 1995 20 (3) 28-29Fajardo FF, K Moody. 1995. Rice off-types in Central Luzon, Philippines. International Rice Research Notes 20 (3) 28-29.

IRRN 1999 24 (1) 40P Oudhia. 1999. Medicinal weeds in rice fields of Chhattisgarh, India. International Rice Research Notes 24 (1) 40.

IRRN 2000 25 (3) 40P Oudhia. 2000. Traditional medicinal knowledge about green leafhopper, Nephotettix spp., in Chhattisgarh (India). International Rice Research Notes 25 (3) 40.

IRRN 2001 26 (2) 79-80HS Singh, HK Awasti, SM Kumar. 2001. Farmers’ participatory identification of gall midge Orseolia oryzae (Wood-Mason)-resistant rice varieties for desired characters. International Rice Research Notes 26 (2) 79-80.

IRRN 2003 28 (1) 74-76P Sumathi, MN Budhar. 2003. Extent of women’s involvement in Indian rice cultivation. International Rice Research Notes 28 (1) 74-76.

IRRN 2003 28 (2) 55-56WDNR Prasad, M Wijeratne. 2003. Agricultural extension and farmer needs for technology. International Rice Research Notes 28 (2) 55-56.

IRRN 2003 28 (2) 62-63BM Catudan, RC Joshi, EB Gergon, NV Desamero, LS Sebastian, JC Cabigat, A Cayong. 2003. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices on rat management of Ifugao rice farmers, Philippines. International Rice Research Notes 28 (2) 62-63.

IRRN 2004 29 (1) 71-72SP Singh, SK Shrivatava. 2004. Rice yield constraints and production technology: perception of farmers through PRA. International Rice Research Notes 29 (1) 71-72.

IRRN 2004 29 (1) 77-78M Wijeratne, WN Silva, AL Sandika. 2004. Impact of farmer field schools on farmer knowledge: the IPM experience in Sri Lanka. International Rice Research Notes 29 (1) 77-78.

IRRN 2004 29 (1) 80-81HKJ Ekanayka, M Wijeratne. 2004. Adoption of pre-harvest interval in rice cultivation. International Rice Research Notes 29 (1) 80-81.

IRRN 2004 29 (1) 81-82OO Ogundele. 2004. Input use and socioeconomic characteristics of rice farmers: gender dimensions and implications for smallholder agriculture in Nigeria. International Rice Research Notes 29 (1) 81-82.

IRRN 2005 30 (1) 31-32E Belina, PMM David, MAK Pillai. 2005. Effects of cow-five, a fermented mixture of cow products, and soap nut on leaffolder. International Rice Research Notes 30 (1) 31-32.

Bentley & Andrews gatekeeperJW Bentley, K Andrews. 1996. Through the roadblocks: IPM and Central American smallholders. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). Gatekeeper Series No. 56, 18 p.

Escalada & Heong ILEIA NewsletterMM Escalada, KL Heong. 1997. Changing farmers’ perceptions of pests through participatory experiments. ILEIA Newsletter 13 no. 2, July 1997

Wilson & Tisdell 2000Clevo Wilson, Clem Tisdell. 2000. Why farmers continue to use pesticides despite environmental, health and sustainability costs. Working Paper No. 53 in the series Economics, Ecology and the Environment. University of Queensland 4072, Australia, 25 p.

Altieri-pest-managament-small-farmersMA Altieri. 1984. Pest-management technologies for peasants: a farming systems approach. Crop Protection 3 (1), 87-94.

Altieri_Ecological_roleMA Altieri. 1999. The ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 74 19–3.

Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). 1977. Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc. (book by chapters)

Title pages v 22Title pages.

Author Index v 22Author Index. Pages 533-550.

Subject Index v 22Subject Index. Pages 551-568.

Chapter 1 PschornChapter 1. Hubert Pschorn-Walcher. 1977. Biological control of forest insects. Pages 1-22. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 2 BibikovaChapter 2. V. A. Bibikova. 1977. Contemporary views on the interrelationships between fleas and the pathogens of human and animal diseases. Pages 23-32. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 3 KettleChapter 3. D. S. Kettle. 1977. Biology and bionomics of bloodsucking ceratopogonids. Pages 33-51. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 4 WellingChapter 4. W. Welling. 1977. Dynamic aspects of insect-insecticide interactions. Pages 53-78. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 5 BaltensweilerChapter 5. W. Baltensweiler, G. Benz, P. Bovey, V. Delucchi. 1977. Dynamics of larch bud moth populations. Pages 79-100. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 6 SchreckChapter 6. C. E. Schreck. 1977. Techniques for the evaluation of insect repellents: a critical review. Pages 101-119. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 7 ChippendaleChapter 7. G. Michael Chippendale. 1977. Hormonal regulation of larval diapause. Pages 121-138. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 8 LincolnChapter 8. Charles Lincoln, B. D. Blair. 1977. Extension entomology: a critique. Pages 139-155. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 9 NagarkattiChapter 9. Sudha Nagarkatti, H. Nagaraja. 1977. Biosystematics of Trichogramma and Trichogrammatoidea species. Pages. 157-176. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 10 JohansenChapter 10. Carl A. Johansen. 1977. Pesticides and pollinators. Pages 177-192. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 11 YoungChapter 11. W. R. Young, G. L. Teetes. 1977. Sorghum entomology. Pages 193-218. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 12 RichardsChapter 12. A. Glenn Richards, Patricia A. Richards. 1977. The peritrophic membranes of insects. Pages 219-240. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 13 MetcalfChapter 13. Robert L. Metcalf. 1977. Model ecosystem approach to insecticide degradation. Pages 241-261. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 14 CrozierChapter 14. R. H. Crozier. 1977. Evolutionary genetics of the Hymenoptera. Pages 263-288. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 15 ChambersChapter 15. Derrell L. Chambers. 1977. Quality control in mass rearing. Pages 289-308. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 16 FriendChapter 16. W. G. Friend, J. J. B. Smith. 1977. Factors affecting feeding by bloodsucking insects. Pages 309-331. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 17 NewsonChapter 17. H. D. Newson. 1977. Arthropod problems in recreational areas. Pages 333-353. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 18 BournierChapter 18. Alexandre Bournier. 1977. Grape insects. Pages 355-376. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 19 RoelofsChapter 19. W. L. Roelofs, R. T. Cardé. 1977. Responses of Lepidoptera to synthetic sex pheromone chemicals and their analogues. Pages 377-405. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 20 OliverChapter 20. James H. Oliver Jr. 1977. Cytogenetics of mites and ticks. Pages 407-429. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 21 PetersChapter 21. T. Michael Peters, Pedro Barbosa. 1977. Influence of population density on size, fecundity, and developmental rate of insects in culture. Pages. 431-450. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 22 BottrellChapter 22. Dale G. Bottrell, Perry L. Adkisson. 1977. Cotton insect pest management. Pages 451-481. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 23 LavegliaChapter 23. James Laveglia, Paul A. Dahm. 1977. Degradation of organophosphorous and carbamate insecticides by soil microorganisms. Pages 483-513. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 24 StinnerChapter 24. R. E. Stinner. 1977. Efficacy of inundative releases. Pages 515-531. In: Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith, Vincent H. Resh (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 22, 568 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

 

 

 

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