Cultural, physical, mechanical control

Rice stubble suppresses preflowering cowpea pests Litsinger, J.A. and Ruhendi. 1984. Rice stubble and straw mulch suppression of preflowering insect pests of cowpeas sown after puddled rice. Environmental Entomology 13:509-514. J19

Maize intercropping Litsinger, J.A.,V. Hasse, A.T. Barrion, and H. Schmutterer. 1991. Response of Oriental maize borer Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to intercropping. Environmental Entomology 20:988-1004. J37

Effect of flooding on weeds and insect pests Estorninos, L.E., Jr., K. Moody, D.B. Estaño, and J.A. Litsinger. 1993. Effect of flooding on weeds and insects and on pest control methods. Integrated Pest Management Control Component. Biotrop Specila Publication 50:95-103. J44

Estorninos, L.E., Jr., K. Moody, D.B. Estaño, and J.A. Litsinger. 2001. Weed, water and insect pest management interactions in transplanted rice. Journal Plant Protection in the Tropics 14: 213-220. J67 (not available)

Asynchrony of planting increases pests Loevinsohn, M.E., J.P. Bandong, A.A. Alviola, and J.A. Litsinger. 1993. Asynchrony of cultivation among Philippine rice farming: causes and prospects for change. Agricultural Systems 41: 419-439. J48

Fallowing as pest control practice Schoenly, K.G., Cohen, J.E., Heong, K.L., Litsinger, J.A., Barrion A.T., and Arida, G.S. 2010. Fallowing did not disrupt invertebrate fauna in Philippine low-pesticide irrigated rice fields. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 593-602. J84

Cultural practices mitigate pest damage Litsinger JA, Canapi BL, Bandong JP. 2011. Cultural practices mitigate irrigated rice insect pest losses in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 140: 179-194. J87

Tillage method and rice stubble height affect cowpea pestsRuhendi and J.A. Litsinger. 1977. Effect of tillage method and rice stubble on beanfly Ophiomyia infesting cowpea planted after lowland rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 2(5): 24-25. N4

Stubble height and straw mulch affect cowpea pests Ruhendi and J.A. Litsinger. 1979. Insect-suppressing effect of rice stubble height, tillage practices, and straw mulch in a wetland rice-cowpea cropping pattern. International Rice Research Newsletter 4(3): 26-27. N18

Pattern of whorl maggot oviposition in seedbeds Bandong, J.P. and J.A. Litsinger. 1986. Oviposition of rice whorl maggot (RWM) on wet seedbeds. International Rice Research Newsletter 11(1): 16-17. N72

Floodwater depth and efficacy of broadcast diazinon granules Bandong, J.P. and J.A. Litsinger. 1979. Evaluation of granular insecticides for rainfed wetland rice in the Philippines. International Rice Research Newsletter 4(2): 15. N12

Litsinger Moody Multiple Cropping Litsinger, J.A. and K. Moody. 1976. Integrated pest management of multiple cropping systems. p. 293-316, In R.I. Papendick, P.A. Sanchez, and G.B. Triplet (eds.). Multiple Cropping. Special Publication No. 27. Madison WI, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, 378 p. C1

Chapter 6 JAL CulturalLitsinger, J.A. 1994. Cultural, mechanical, and physical control of rice insects. pp. 549-584 in E.A. Heinrichs (ed.) Biology and Management of Rice Insects. Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 779 p. C42

Cultural control black bug Litsinger, J.A. 2007. Cultural, mechanical, and physical control of rice black bugs, p. 387-398. In: Rice Black Bugs: Taxonomy, Ecology and Management of Invasive Species. R.C. Joshi, A.T. Barrion, L.S. Sebastian (eds.), Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija: Philippine Rice Research Institute, 793 p. C48

Cal 46-Stern CalAgr 1964Stern CalAgr 1964. V. M. Stern. 1964. Strip cutting alfalfa for control of lygus bug. California Agriculture 18 (4): 4 & 6.

Cal 4-Bosch CalAgr 1964Bosch CalAgr 1964. R. van den Bosch, T. F. Leigh. 1964. Strip cutting alfalfa for control of lygus bug. California Agriculture 18 (4): 5-6.

Cal 8-Daane CalAgr 1998Daane Cal Agr 1998. Kent M. Daane, Michael J. Costello. 1998. Can cover crops reduce leafhopper abundance in vineyards? California Agriculture 52 (5): 27-33.

Saxena 1 (2) 191-198RC Saxena. 1982. Colonization of rice fields by Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) and its control using a trap crop. Crop Protection 1 (2): 191-198.

1958 2 88-92 SasamotoK Sasamoto. 1958. Studies on the relation between the silica content in the rice plant and the insect pests. VI. On the injury of silicated rice plant caused by the rice stem borer and its feeding behavior Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2 (2): 88-92.

1958 3 198-202 IshiiSHOZIRO ISHII, CHISATO HIRANO. 1958. Effect of fertilizers on the growth of the larva of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis WALKER. I. Growth response of the larva to the rice plant cultured in different nitrogen level soils. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2 (3): 198-202.

1959 1 16-22 IshiiShoziro ISHII, Chisato HIRANO. 1959. Effect of fertilizers on the growth of larvae of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis WALKER II. Growth of the larvae on the rice plants cultured in nutrient solutions of different nitrogen level. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 3 (1): 16-22.

1959 2 86-90 HiranoChisato HIRANO, Shoziro ISHII. 1959. Effect of fertilizers on the growth of larvae of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis WALKER. III. Relation between application of phosphorous and the growth of larvae. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 3 (2): 86-90.

1959 3 153-156 SasamotoKaoru SASAMOTO. 1959. Studies on the relation between the silica content in the rice plant and insect pests VII. Effects of water glass and slag on the damage of rice plant caused by the rice stem borer. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 3 (3): 153-156.

1960 2 115-118 SasamotoKaoru SASAMOTO. 1960. Studies on the relation between the silica content in the rice plant and insect pests VIII. Feeding preference of the rice stem borer larvae for the rice plants cultured in soils of different nitrogen levels. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 4 (2): 115-118.

1966 3 123-128 KoyamaJuro KOYAMA. 1966. The Relation between the outbreak of army worm (Leucania separata WALKER) and the richly nitrogenous manured cultivation of rice plant. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 10 (3): 123-128.

1968 3 164-170 SasamotoKaoru SASAMOTO, Masami KOBAYAS. 1968. Insect control by light trap. I. Attracting effectiveness of various lamps of different wave lengths against the green rice leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps UHLER (Hemiptera: Jassidae). Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 12 (3): 164-170.

1970 2 101-106 SogawaKazushige SOGAWA. 1970. Studies on feeding habits of the brown planthopper. I. Effects of nitrogen-deficiency of host plant on insect feeding. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 14 (2): 101-106.

1977 2 110-112 KannoHiroo KANNO, Mujo KIM, Shoziro ISHII. 1977. Feeding activity of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens STÅL, on rice plants manured with different level of nitrogen. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 21 (2): 110-112.

1982 4 242-248 NozatoKazuo NOZATO. 1982. Effect of group size, and silicate fertilizer application on the population density of Chilo suppressalis WALKER (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 26 (4): 242-248.

1985 2 131-136 TsumukiHisaaki TSUMUKI, Katsuo KANEHISA, Takashi SHIRAGA. 1985. Effects of deep water culture of rice plants on the injury of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis WALKER in Its second generation. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 29 (2): 131-136.

1987 3 264-266 KatayamaEisuke KATAYAMA. 1987. Ovarian development and proportion of mated individuals in plant- and leaf-hoppers collected by light traps. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 31 (3): 264-266.

1988 RCS JEE 1485-88Saxena, R.C., Justo, H.D.Jr. and Palanginan, E.L. 1988.  Trap crop for Nephotettix virescens (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) and tungro management in rice. Journal of Economic Entomology 81(5): 1485-1488.

IRRN 1985 10 (1) 23Viajante, V.D. and E.A. Heinrichs. 1985. Oviposition of rice whorl maggot as influenced by azolla. International Rice Research Newsletter 10(1):23.

IRRN 1985 10 (1) 24-25Viajante, V.D. and E.A. Heinrichs. 1985. Influence of water regime on rice whorl maggot oviposition. International Rice Research Newsletter 10(1):24-25.

IRRN 1985 10 (6) 19Viajante, V.D. and E.A. Heinrichs. 1985. Influence of plant density on oviposition by whorl maggot. International Rice Research Newsletter 10(6):19.

IRRN 1987 12 (3) 31-32Saxena, R.C. and H.D. Justo, Jr. 1987. Trap crop for green leafhopper and tungro management. International Rice Research Newsletter 12(3):31-32.

IRRN 1987 12 (3) 35Shepard, B.M. and V.A. Perez. 1987. Influence of cultivation on survival of the Malayan black bug in rice fields. International Rice Research Newsletter 12(3):35.

IRRN 1988 13 (2) 22-23Shepard BM, Parducho M, Arida GS, 1988. Effect of flooding on black bug Scotinophara coarctata (F.) egg parasitism. International Rice Research Newsletter 13 (2) 22-23.

IRRN 1988 13 (6) 39Parducho, M.A., Arida, G.S. and Shepard, B.M. 1988.  Effect of flooding on Malayan black bug egg hatching and parasitoid emergence.  International Rice Research Newsletter 13(6): 39.

IRRN 1989 14 (5) 30-31Shepard, B.M., Rapusas, H.R. and Estano, D.B. 1989.  Using rice straw bundles to conserve beneficial arthropod communities in ricefields.  International Rice Research Newsletter 14(5): 30-31.

IRRN 1989 14 (6) 22Estaño, D.B. and Shepard, B.M. 1989.  Effect of roguing on rice tungro virus incidence and rice yield.  International Rice Research Newsletter 14(6): 22.

IRRN 1994 19 (4) 21-22Sawant AS, Patil VH, Savant NK. 1994. Rice hull ash applied to seedbed reduces deadhearts in transplanted rice. International Rice Research Notes 19 (4) 21-22.

IRRN 1977 2 (1) 9aMisra US. 1977. Removal of silver shoots reduces gall-midge infestation. International Rice Research Newsletter 2 (1) 9a.

IRRN 1977 2 (3) 5Manjunath TM, BS Naidu, NK Krishna Prasad. 1977. The rice brown planthopper and its predator, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, on some rice cultivars in India. International Rice Research Newsletter 2 (3) 5.

IRRN 1977 2 (6) 15-16Lim GS, AK Koh, AC Ooi. 1977. Rapid reduction of brown planthoppers by intensive light trapping during an outbreak in Malaysia. International Rice Research Newsletter 2 (6) 15-16.

IRRN 1979 4 (2) 19a Dhaliwal GS, Jaswant Singh 1979, Effects of spacing on rice hispa incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 4 (2) 19a.

IRRN 1979 4 (3) 7Dhaliwal GS, HN Shahi, PS Gill, MS Maskina.1979. Field reaction of rice varieties to leaf folder at various nitrogen levels. International Rice Research Newsletter 4 (3) 7.

IRRN 1979 4 (5) 19 Katanyukul W, Kadkao S, Sindhusake C, Chantaratad. J. 1979. Effect of seedling density on gall midge infestation and rice yields in northern Thailand. International Rice Research Newsletter 4 (5) 19.

IRRN 1979 4 (6) 12-13Sharma GL, SC Modgal, RC Gautam. 1979. Effect of depth of submergence on incidence of bacterial blight and white grub infestation in transplanted rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 4 (6) 12-13.

IRRN 1980 5 (1) 14 Chatterjee PB, M Sarkar. 1980. Pest occurrence on split transplanted rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 5 (1) 14.

IRRN 1990 15 (1) 14-15Dhaliwal GS, HN Shahi, PS Gill, MS Maskina, 1980. Influence of nitrogen levels on rice hispa incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 5 (1) 14-15.

IRRN 1980 5 (2) 12-13Tarafder P, AB Ghosh, S Mukhopadhyay. 1980. Effect of transplanting date and seedling age at transplanting on spread of tungro. International Rice Research Newsletter 5 (2) 12-13.

IRRN 1980 5 (4) 20-21Chiu SF. 1980. Present and future gall midge control strategies in South China. International Rice Research Newsletter 5 (4) 20-21.

IRRN 1990 15 (5) 21Chantaraprapha N, W Katanyukul, U Semapetch, W Seetanun. 1980. Influence of ammonium phosphate levels on rice leaf roller incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 5 (5) 21.

IRRN 1981 6 (1) 7Saroja R, N Raju. 1981. Varietal reaction to rice stem borer under different nitrogen levels. International Rice Research Newsletter 6 (1) 7.

IRRN 1981 6 (3) 15-16Saroja R, N Raju. 1981. Effect of potash levels on the incidence of rice whorl maggot. International Rice Research Newsletter 6 (3) 15-16.

IRRN 1981 6 (4) 11Shrivastava SK. 1981. Potential of rice stubble for gall midge multiplication. International Rice Research Newsletter 6 (4) 11.

IRRN 1981 6 (4) 11-12Pradhan SB. 1981. Rice mealybug and its alternate host plants. International Rice Research Newsletter 6 (4) 11-12.

IRRN 1981 6 (4) 15-16Saroja R, SN Peeran, N Raju. 1981. Effects of method of nitrogen application on the incidence of rice leaffolder. International Rice Research Newsletter 6 (4) 15-16.

IRRN 1981 6 (6) 17Rao CB. 1981. Rice gall midge incidence in the dry season. International Rice Research Newsletter 6 (6) 17.

IRRN 1982 7 (2) 10Alghali AM and J. S. Domingo. 1982. Weed hosts of some rice pests in North Western Sierra Leone. International Rice Research Newsletter 7 (2) 10.

IRRN 1982 7 (3) 13aAmu Singh S. 1982. Time of transplanting and gall midge incidence in Manipur. International Rice Research Newsletter 7 (3) 13a.

IRRN 1982 7 (4) 10aSaroja R, N Raju. 1982. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer levels and spacing on rice gall midge and leaffolder damage. International Rice Research Newsletter 7 (4) 10a.

IRRN 1982 7 (4) 11Karuppuchamy P, S Uthamasamy, G Chakkaravarthy. 1982. Influence of planting time on gall midge incidence at Aduthurai. International Rice Research Newsletter 7 (4) 11.

IRRN 1982 7 (4) 17Kim, H.S. and E.A. Heinrichs. 1982. Effects of silica level on whitebacked planthopper. International Rice Research Newsletter 7 (4) 17.

IRRN 1982 7 (5) 21Thangamuthu GS, C Murugesan, S Subrama. 1982. Effect of spacing on leaffolder Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guenée infestation in rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 7 (5) 21.

IRRN 1983 8 (3) 8-9Mariappan K, H Hibino, T Mew, MD Pathak. 1983. Effect of azolla on rice tungro virus disease. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (3) 8-9.

IRRN 1983 8 (4) 17-18Zaheruddeen SM, PS Prakasa Rao. 1983. Leptochloa panicoides (J. Presl) Hitchc, an occasional host of the yellow rice borer Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker). International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (4) 17-18.

IRRN 1983 8 (5) 11Disthaporn S, HD Catling, D Chettanachit, M Putta. 1983. Influence of time of rice ragged stunt virus infection on deepwater rice yield. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (5) 11.

IRRN 1983 8 (5) 13Uthamasamy S, V Velu, M Gopalan, KM Ramanathan. 1983. Incidence of brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens Stål on IR50 at graded levels of fertilization at Aduthurai. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (5) 13.

IRRN 1983 8 (5) 13-14Balasubramanian P, SP Palaniappan, M Gopalan. 1983. Effect of carbofuran and nitrogen on leaffolder incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (5) 13-14.

IRRN 1983 8 (5) 17-18Ho DT, JG Kibuka. 1983. Effect of nitrogen and plant density on rice stem borer infestation in Western Kenya. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (5) 17-18.

IRRN 1983 8 (5) 18 Ho DT, JG Kibuka. 1983. Stem borers in various rice ecosystems in Kenya. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (5) 18.

IRRN 1983 8 (6) 17aSaroja R, N Raju. 1983. Influence of planting time on rice leaffolder incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 8 (6) 17a.

IRRN 1984 9 (1) 22 Ukwungwu MN. 1984. Planting time and stem borer incidence in Badeggi, Nigeria. International Rice Research Newsletter 9 (1) 22.

IRRN 1984 9 (3) 21aUkwungwu MN, MS Alam, K Zan. 1984. Incidence of gall midge Orseolia oryzivora H & G in Edozhigi, Nigeria. International Rice Research Newsletter 9 (3) 21a.

IRRN 1984 9 (5) 16-17Mohan S, R Janarthanan. 1984. Influence of light traps on incidence of yellow stem borer Scirpophaga incertulas (Wlk.) in the trap zone and field. International Rice Research Newsletter 9 (5) 16-17.

IRRN 1984 9 (6) 9Singh BN, Y Prasad. 1984. Effect of planting date on rice tungro virus infection. International Rice Research Newsletter 9 (6) 9.

IRRN 1984 9 (6) 17Karuppuchamy P, S Uthamasamy. 1984. Influence of flooding, fertilizer, and plant spacing on insect pest incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 9 (6) 17.

IRRN 1985 10 (1) 24Swaminathan K, R Saroja, N Raju. 1985. Influence of source and level of nitrogen application on pest incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (1) 24.

IRRN 1985 10 (1) 26aRekhi RS, J Singh, OP Meelu. 1985. Effect of green manure and nitrogen on mole rat damage and leaf folder incidence in rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (1) 26a.

IRRN 1985 10 (2) 10Lakshmanan P, T Manoharan, NT Jagannathan. 1985. Effect of urea foliar spraying on rice tungro virus infection. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (2) 10.

IRRN 1985 10 (2) 17Saroja R, N Raju. 1985. Effect of planting time on rice panicle bug incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (2) 17.

IRRN 1985 10 (3) 26Sundararaju D. 1985. Influence of planting date on rice whorl maggot infestation. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (3) 26.

IRRN 1985 10 (3) 28Kannan N, S Pasupathi, PER Solomon. 1985. A single-hole paper punch for dislodgeable pesticide residue on plant leaves. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (3) 28.

IRRN 1985 10 (4) 19Alagarsamy G, M Velusamy, S Rajagopalan, S Palanisamy. 1985. Effect of slow-release N fertilizers on stem borer and sheath rot incidence and on rice grain yield. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (4) 19.

IRRN 1985 10 (6) 19-20Ukwungwu MN. 1985. Effect of nitrogen and carbofuran on gall midge and white stem borer infestation in Nigeria. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (6) 19-20.

IRRN 1985 10 (6) 20-21Heinrichs EA, FG Medrano. 1985. Influence of N fertilizer on the population development of brown planthopper. International Rice Research Newsletter 10 (6) 20-21.

IRRN 1986 11 (1) 15-16Sundararaju D. 1986. Influence of planting time and rainfall on gall midge incidence and rice yield in Goa, India. International Rice Research Newsletter 11 (1) 15-16.

IRRN 1986 11 (2) 19Mariappan V, A Thiagarajan, S Chelliah. 1986. Effect of fertilizers, nutrients, and soil amendments on tungro virus. International Rice Research Newsletter 11 (2) 19.

IRRN 1986 11 (2) 23Suriachandraselvan M, R Saroja, N Raju. 1986. Effect of planting date on tungro virus incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 11 (2) 23.

IRRN 1986 11 (3) 22bPurohit MS, PM Bhatt, AH Shah, S Raman. 1986. Influence of nitrogen fertilizer level and timing on stem borer incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 11 (3) 22b.

IRRN 1986 11 (6) 6Bhakravatsalam G, SK Mohanty, A Anjaneyulu. 1986. Influence of seedling rate on tungro incidence at Cuttack. International Rice Research Newsletter 11 (6) 6.

IRRN 1987 12 (3) 32Ukwungwu MN. 1987. Influence of age of crop and time of planting on African gall midge incidence. International Rice Research Newsletter 12 (3) 32.

IRRN 1987 12 (4) 35-36Chakravarthy AK. 1987. Insect pests on main and ratoon rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 12 (4) 35-36.

IRRN 1987 12 (4) 43Pal AK, HK Senapati, N Panda. 1987. Persistence of quinalphos in rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 12 (4) 43.

IRRN 1987 12 (5) 21Baltazar RB, NG Tangonan. 1987. Disease occurrence as affected by age of transplanted seedlings. International Rice Research Newsletter 12 (5) 21.

IRRN 1987 12 (5) 27Suharto H, IP Noch. 1987. Effect of transplanting date on leaffolder Cnaphalocrocis medinalis and rice bug Leptocorisa oratorius infestation at Kuningan, West Java. International Rice Research Newsletter 12 (5) 27.

IRRN 1988 13 (3) 32aSubramanian S, A Gopalaswamy. 1988. Effect of silicate materials on rice crop pests. International Rice Research Newsletter 13 (3) 32a.

IRRN 1989 14 (5) 25-26Sama S, A Hasanuddin, RC Cabunagan, H Hibino. 1989. Timing tungro rice planting to control rice tungro disease. International Rice Research Newsletter 14 (5) 25-26.

IRRN 1990 15 (1) 30Tiongco ER, RC Cabunagan, ZM Flores, H Hibino. 1990. Tungro incidence in direct seeded and transplanted rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 15 (1) 30.

IRRN 1990 15 (1) 30-31Gupta PK, SS Prasad, RB Singh. 1990. Stem borer incidence at different growth stages of rainfed rice. International Rice Research Newsletter 15 (1) 30-31.

IRRN 1991 16 (6) 22Chiranjeevi C, GM Rao. 1991. Population fluctuation of leaf folder at different planting times in some rice varieties. International Rice Research Newsletter 16 (6) 22.

IRRN 1993 18 (2) 28Koganezawa H, PP Pablico, RC Cabunagan, ER Tiongco, R Cabangon, TP Tuong, M Yamauchi. 1993. Relationship between tungro infection and water level in direct seeded rice. International Rice Research Notes 18 (2) 28.

IRRN 1993 18 (4) 31-32Nguyen Bin, Le Minh Tue, Tran Thi Hong Hoa, KL Heong, 1993. Managing thrips in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. International Rice Research Notes 18 (4) 31-32.

IRRN 1994 19 (4) 21-22Sawant AS, VH Patil, NK Savant. 1994. Rice hull ash applied to seedbed reduces deadhearts in transplanted rice. International Rice Research Notes 19 (4) 21-22.

IRRN 1997 22 (1) 45-46HP Patnaik, UC Panigrahi. 1997. Effect of soil amendments on grain yield and incidence of rice leaffolder in iron-toxic soils of north Orissa, India. International Rice Research Notes 22 (1) 45-46.

IRRN 2001 26 (1) 20-21MS de la Cruz, RC Joshi, AR Martin. 2001. Basal application of fertilizer reduces golden apple snail population. International Rice Research Notes 26 (1) 20-21.

IRRN 2003 28 (2) 36-37J Alice, RP Sujeetha, MS Venugopal. 2003. Effect of organic farming on management of rice brown planthopper. International Rice Research Notes 28 (2) 36-37.

IRRN 2004 29 (2) 38-40ZX Lu, P Yu, C Hu. 2004. Predatory behavior of mirid bug, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, on rice plants with different nitrogen regimes. International Rice Research Notes 29 (2) 38-40.

IRRN 2006 31 (2) 39-41B Usha Rani, R Rajendran, K Suresh. 2006. Use of resistant varieties and organic nutrients to manage yellow stem borer in rice. International Rice Research Notes 31 (2) 39-41.

IRRN 2007 32 (1) 21-22Y Shibata, RC Cabunagan, IR Choi. 2007. Effects of planting arrangement on the occurrence of tungro virus infection in mixtures of resistant and susceptible varieties. International Rice Research Notes 32 (1) 21-22.

IRRN 2001 26 (2) 49-50RC Joshi, MS de la Cruz. 2001. Newspaper: a new attractant for golden apple snail management. International Rice Research Notes 26 (2) 49-50.

IRRN 2002 27 (1) 37-38RC Joshi, MS de la Cruz, AR Martin, AV Duca, EC Martin. 2002. Relation of golden apple snail size to rice seedling damage in transplanted and direct-seeded rice cultivation. International Rice Research Notes 27 (1) 37-38.

IRRN 2005 30 (1) 32-33RC Joshi, A.R Martin, LS Sebastian. 2005. Off-season survival of golden apple snails in the Philippines. International Rice Research Notes 30 (1) 32-33.

Saxena 1 (2) 191-198RC Saxena. 1982. Colonization of rice fields by Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) and its control using a trap crop. Crop Protection 1 (2): 191-198.

1974-1-rasmy-hassib-48-49Aly H Rasmy, M, Hassib. 1974. Influence of plant nitrogen supply on the populations of some cotton pests.・Applied Entomology & Zoology 9 (1): 48-49.

1992-4-widiarta-541-545I Nyoman Widiarta, Kenji Fujisaki, Fusao Nakasuji. 1992. Effects of ploughing of fallow paddy fields on the population density of the green rice leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps (UHLER) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Applied Entomology & Zoology 27 (4): 541-545.

1993-3-aryawan-390-393I Gusti Ngurah Aryawan, I Gustingurah Gede, Yoshito Suzuki. 1993. Population growth patterns of the green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (DISTANT) (Homoptera: Euscelidae), in small-scale synchronous and asynchronous rice fields. Applied Entomology & Zoology 28 (3): 390-393.

1995-1-kajimura-17-22Tatsuto Kajimura, Kenji Fujisaki, Fusao Nakasuji. 1995. Effect of organic rice farming on leafhoppers and planthoppers. 2. Amino acid content in the rice phloem sap and survival rate of planthoppers. Applied Entomology & Zoology 30 (1): 17-22.

1996-1-takagi-75-80Masahiro Takagi, Akira Sugiyama, Katsumi Maruyama. 1996. Effect of rice plant covering on the density of mosquito larvae and other insects in rice fields. Applied Entomology & Zoology 31 (1): 75-80.

1999-3-wada-365-370Takashi Wada, Katsuya Ichinose, Hiroya Higuchi. 1999. Effect of drainage on damage to direct-sown rice by the apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck) (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae). Applied Entomology & Zoology 34 (3): 365-370.

2004-1-ishijima-155-162Chikara Ishijima, Takashi Motobayashi, Madoka Nakai, Yasuhisa Kunimi. 2004. Impacts of tillage practices on hoppers and predatory wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae) in rice paddies. Applied Entomology & Zoology 39 (1): 155-162.

2006-2-motobayashi-371-381Takashi Motobayashi, Chikara Ishijima, Motori Takagi, Mihoko Murakami, Ayame Taguchi, Hazumasa Hidaka, Yashhisa Kunimi. 2006. Effects of tillage practices on spider assemblage in rice paddy fields. Applied Entomology & Zoology 41 (2): 371-381.

Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). 1975. Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc. (book by chapters)

Title pages v 20Title page, preface, table of contents

Author Index v 20Author Index. Pages 477-492.

Subject Index v 20Subject Index. Pages 493-506.

Chapter 1 LofgrenChapter 1. C. S. Lofgren, W. A. Banks, B. M. Glancey. 1975. Biology and control of imported fire ants. Pages 1-30. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 2 AndresChapter 2. Lloyd A. Andres, Fred D. Bennett. 1975. Biological control of aquatic weeds. Pages 31-46. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 3 BeardsleyChapter 3. John W. Beardsley Jr., Roberto Gonzalez. 1975. The biology and ecology of armored scales. Pages 47-73. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 4 HanoverChapter 4. James W. Hanover. 1975. Physiology of tree resistance to insects. Pages 75-95. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 5 DavidChapter 5. W. A. L. David. 1975. The status of viruses pathogenic for insects and mites. Pages 97-117. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 6 DeckChapter 6. Errett Deck. 1975. Federal and state pesticide regulations and legislation. Pages 119-131. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 7 MillerChapter 7. Thomas A. Miller. 1975. Neurosecretion and the control of visceral organs in insects. Pages 133-149. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 8 McDonaldChapter 8. T. J. McDonald. 1975. Neuromuscular pharmacology of insects. Pages 151-166. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 9 NorthChapter 9. David T. North. 1975. Inherited sterility in Lepidoptera. Pages 167-182. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 10 CommonChapter 10. I. F. B. Common. 1976. Evolution and classification of the Lepidoptera. Pages 183-203. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 11 SvobodaChapter 11. J. A. Svoboda, J. N. Kaplanis, W. E. Robbins, M. J. Thompson. 1975. Recent developments in insect steroid metabolism. Pages 205-220. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 12 BrindleyChapter 12. T. A. Brindley, A. N. Sparks, W. B. Showers, W. D. Guthrie. 1975. Recent research advances on the European corn borer in North America. Pages 221-239. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 13 RothschildChapter 13. Miriam Rothschild. 1975. Recent advances in our knowledge of the order Siphonaptera. Pages 241-259. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 14 ThompsonChapter 14. J. L. Cloudsley-Thompson. 1975. Adaptations of Arthropoda to arid environments. Pages 261-283. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 15 CroftChapter 15. B. A. Croft, A. W. A. Brown. 1975. Responses of arthropod natural enemies to insecticides. Pages 285-335. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 16 GallunChapter 16. R. L. Gallun, K. J. Starks, W. D. Guthrie. 1975. Plant resistance to insects attacking cereals. Pages 337-357. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 17 HowseChapter 17. P. E. Howse. 1975. Brain structure and behavior in insects. Pages 359-379. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 18 McIverChapter 18. Susan B. McIver. 1975. Structure of cuticular mechanoreceptors of arthropods. Pages 381-397. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 19 MichenerChapter 19. Charles D. Michener. 1975. The Brazilian bee problem. Pages 399-416. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 20 StaalChapter 20. G. B. Staal. 1975. Insect growth regulators with juvenile hormone activity. Pages 417-460. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

Chapter 21 WhittenChapter 21. M. J. Whitten, G. G. Foster. 1975. Genetical methods of pest control. Pages 461-476. In: Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler, Carroll N. Smith (editors). Annual Review of Entomology. Volume 20, 506 pages. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One thought on “Cultural, physical, mechanical control

  1. Pingback: Jim Litsinger’s publications online | Global Plant Protection News

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s